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NATIONAL DAY OF THE BOOK: THE STRENGTH THAT THE PRINTED WORDS POSSESS

In Brazil the National Book Day is celebrated on October 29th. Being a set of sheets written or printed with the purpose of passing and registering an idea, books are essential objectives for the entire cultural evolution of a society.

There were times when some ideas recorded in books were symbols and tools of revolutions in certain countries. So small, but so important, the books have already been burned, buried, torn by clusters of people who disapproved of such printed ideas. Sign, this, without taking advantage of ideologies, the strength that words have.

The date of the 29th was chosen to commemorate the National Book Day because it is when the National Book Library was founded in the year 1810 by the Portuguese crown, which was responsible for bringing the first bibliographic collection to the country , coming directly from the Royal Portuguese Library, with more than 60 thousand objects composed of manuscripts, maps, books, coins and medals.

There are several genres of books, such as romance, suspense, drama, fiction, self-help, religious, documentary, school, among others. It is worth remembering that in order to publish a book, it is necessary to have a publisher who buys the idea of publishing the material of a certain author, but can also be done independently as, for example, in Amazon or even the new ones. -books that came to stay. That is, there is now a greater democratization in the publication of books.

With Gutenberg the first impression of a serial book was made due to its creation: the typographic press that gave origin to Gutenberg Bible with exact 642 pages and a circulation of 200 copies. This historical moment was marked as the passage from the Medieval Era to the Modern Era.

“Marília de Dirceu” was the first work published in Brazil. Its author, Tomás Antônio Gonzaga, had his book read by the emperor beforehand so that it was certified that the ideas contained therein were in agreement with what the Brazilians could read, already presenting traces of censorship that would last for years in the social political scene Brazilian.

In the year 1925, with the founding of Companhia Editora Nacional, editor and writer Monteiro Lobato, Brazil began to have more possibilities for editorial growth.

For the Instituto Irmãos Nogueira to foster culture is essential. There are more than 1,200 children assisted in our projects and our first goal is to transform lives based on the assumption that education is paramount to achieving these goals.

Book of pedagogical coordinator Jorge Felipe Columá portrays a nucleus of the Irmãos Nogueira Institute:

Entitled “Sentinela da Cidadania: actors and authors in the life of the favela,” the book speaks of affirmative action in communities with practical examples involving a community in Rio de Janeiro where there is a core of the IIN. For those who want to know and buy a copy is available at: www.jorgecoluma.com.br

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